Francisco Goya's body of work carried art into an entirely new era. One of the most revolutionary figures of the Romantic age, Goya brought intense emotion and expressive brushstrokes to his work, elements that aided in his accelerated path to artistic acclaim.

Trained by some of Europe's leading 18th-century masters, Goya began as a court portraitist but soon felt the pull of political and personal turmoil. Struck by social injustice and individual insecurities, Goya devoted his work to emotionally wrought themes. These canvases came to define their generation, and they also form the framework for The Complete Paintings of Francisco de Goya, which illustrates Goya's evolution from acclaimed court portraitist to the depths of despair of his final "Black Paintings" made between 1819-1823.